What is the main cause of hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B infection is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The virus is passed from person to person through blood, semen or other body fluids. It does not spread by sneezing or coughing.
Can hepatitis B be transmitted through kissing?
Hepatitis B is not spread through sneezing, coughing, hugging, or breastfeeding. Although the virus can be found in saliva, it is not believed to be spread through kissing or sharing utensils.
How long is hepatitis B contagious?
Symptoms of hepatitis B may not appear for 3 months after exposure and can last for 2–12 weeks. However, you are still contagious, even without symptoms. The virus can live outside the body for up to seven days.
Is hepatitis B only sexually transmitted?
The virus is found in blood, semen, vaginal fluids and saliva. Hepatitis B is the only sexually transmitted disease that has a safe and effective vaccine to protect against infection.
Is it safe to be around someone with hepatitis B?
Can a person spread the hepatitis B virus and not know it? Yes. Many people with hepatitis B don’t know they are infected with the virus because they don’t feel or look sick. However, they can still spread the virus to others.
Does Hepatitis B go away on its own?
In most cases, hepatitis B goes away on its own. You can relieve your symptoms at home by resting, eating healthy foods, drinking plenty of water, and avoiding alcohol and drugs. Also, find out from your doctor what medicines and herbal products to avoid, because some can make liver damage caused by hepatitis B worse.
Can you catch hepatitis B from a toilet seat?
You cannot catch hepatitis B or Hepatitis C from a toilet seat, by touching or hugging an infected person. Crockery and cutlery used by someone with Hepatitis B or C can be washed in hot soapy water or dishwasher in the normal way.
Can a woman get hepatitis B from a man?
The role of gender: In heterosexual relationships, uninfected women are at higher risk of getting infected by a male partner infected with hepatitis B, than the reverse. Women are on the receiving end of semen, which greatly increases their risk of becoming infected unless a condom is used.
Can a vaccinated person get hepatitis B?
The good news is that hepatitis B is vaccine preventable. This means that after you complete the vaccine series, you cannot contract hepatitis B through any modes of transmission; you are protected for life!
How long does hepatitis B take to damage the liver?
Seventy percent of carriers develop chronic persistent hepatitis B. Most do not appear to be ill. The remaining 30 percent of carriers experience continuous liver disease. This condition often progresses to cirrhosis and then, after 30 to 40 years, possibly to liver cancer.
What is the best treatment for hepatitis B?
Several antiviral medications — including entecavir (Baraclude), tenofovir (Viread), lamivudine (Epivir), adefovir (Hepsera) and telbivudine (Tyzeka) — can help fight the virus and slow its ability to damage your liver.
What are the stages of hepatitis B?
Remarkable progress has been made in our understanding of the four natural stages of chronic hepatitis B (CHB): immune tolerance stage, immune clearance stage, inactive HBsAg carrier stage, and reactivation stage. However, not all CHB infection patients go through all the four stages (Figure 1).
How do you kill the hepatitis B virus?
Bleach is a wonderful disinfectant, and effectively kills HBV, and other pathogens. Don your disposable gloves, and prepare a fresh bleach solution for the cleanup that is one part bleach to nine parts cool water. Use a fresh solution as the potency of the solution quickly diminishes, and do not use hot water.
What are the chances of getting Hep B sexually?
Hepatitis B (HBV) is 50 to 100 times easier to transmit sexually than HIV ( the virus that causes AIDS). HBV has been found in vaginal secretions, saliva, and semen. Oral sex and especially anal sex, whether it occurs in a heterosexual or homosexual context, are possible ways of transmitting the virus.