When did Homer live and die?
Homer (/ˈhoʊmər/; Ancient Greek: Ὅμηρος Greek pronunciation: [hómɛːros], Hómēros; c. 800– c. 701 BC) was the presumed author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the foundational works of ancient Greek literature.
When was Homer Greek born?
The Greek poet Homer was born sometime between the 12th and 8th centuries BC, possibly somewhere on the coast of Asia Minor. He is famous for the epic poems The Iliad and The Odyssey, which have had an enormous effect on Western culture, but very little is known about their alleged author.
What is the Homeric age?
This date allows scholars to pinpoint the period between 725 and 675 b.c.e. as the time when the Iliad and the Odyssey were written down.
How long ago did Homer live?
If real, he is believed to have lived about the 9th or 8th century BCE and was a native of Ionia. A poet in the oral tradition, his works were likely transcribed by others.
Is the Odyssey real?
The obvious conclusion is that The Odyssey is an amalgam of real and fictional characters. Gustav Schwab, Odysseus returns to fight the suitors (1892). As is often the case in fiction, it seems that Homer was not just telling stories but reflecting events and characters that existed in ancient Greece.
Was the Trojan War real?
For most ancient Greeks, indeed, the Trojan War was much more than a myth. It was an epoch-defining moment in their distant past. As the historical sources – Herodotus and Eratosthenes – show, it was generally assumed to have been a real event.
What is Homer short for?
Acronym. Definition. HOMER. Hybrid Optimization Model for Electric Renewables (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)
Which Greek scholar is known as the father of history?
Herodotus has been called the “father of history.” An engaging narrator with a deep interest in the customs of the people he described, he remains the leading source of original historical information not only for Greece between 550 and 479 BCE but also for much of western Asia and Egypt at that time.
Who Won the Trojan War?
The Greeks won the Trojan War. According to the Roman epic poet Virgil, the Trojans were defeated after the Greeks left behind a large wooden horse and pretended to sail for home. Unbeknown to the Trojans, the wooden horse was filled with Greek warriors.
What was built on the Acropolis?
The Athenian Acropolis is home to one of the most famous buildings in the world: the Parthenon. This temple was built for the goddess Athena. It was decorated with beautiful sculptures which represent the greatest achievement of Greek artists.
Why is Homer so important?
Homer’s most important contribution to Greek culture was to provide a common set of values that enshrined the Greeks’ own ideas about themselves. His poems provided a fixed model of heroism, nobility and the good life to which all Greeks, especially aristocrats, subscribed.
What caused the Dark Age of Greece?
Many explanations attribute the fall of the Mycenaean civilization and the Bronze Age collapse to climatic or environmental catastrophe, combined with an invasion by Dorians or by the Sea Peoples, but no single explanation fits the available archaeological evidence.
Who founded Greek mythology?
Writers such as the 2nd-century BC Greek mythographer Apollodorus of Athens and the 1st-century BC Roman historian Gaius Julius Hyginus compiled the ancient myths and legends for contemporary audiences.
Why does Homeric literature still survive today?
Homeric literature, specifically those works attributed to the epic poet Homer, survive today because they are credited as foundational components of the Western worldview. While Homer’s works deal with humans and gods, they were not considered sacred texts.
Who was the Trojan War?
Trojan War, in Greek mythology, war between the Greeks and the people of Troy. The strife began after the Trojan prince Paris abducted Helen, wife of Menelaus of Sparta. When Menelaus demanded her return, the Trojans refused. Menelaus then persuaded his brother Agamemnon to lead an army against Troy.